By Beverleigh H Piepers | Submitted On January 12, 2016 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author Beverleigh H Piepers Unfortunately, diabetic foot infections are a serious complication of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, but they needn't be if enough precautions are observed. In December 2015, the medical journal Diabetic Foot and Ankle reported on a study undertaken by investigators at the Dr. Kariadi General Hospital Medical Center and Diponegoro University in Indonesia. The researchers compared the possible risk factors in two groups... one group consisted of 47 diabetics with foot ulcers and who had a lower limb amputation. These 47 participants were compared with 47 diabetics who had foot ulcers but who had not required a lower leg or foot amputation. The study took place over a period of two years. It was found... HbA1c levels of 8 or above, peripheral arterial disease, high blood fat levels, and high blood pressure were seen more often in diabetics requiring an amputation than in non-amputation participants. From these results, it was recommended Type 2 diabetics maintain... tight blood sugar control, strong management of their blood fats and blood pressure, and have regular 12 monthly checks for any peripheral arterial disease to help lower the risk of foot or leg amputation. 1. HbA1c, or glycated hemoglobin, is the amount of glucose or sugar, in the red blood cells. Because red blood cells last about 120 days, HbA1c readings evaluates blood sugar levels over the previous 3 to 4 months. It is recommended people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes maintain HbA1c levels at 7 or below. 2a. Blood fats, or triglycerides, are formed when fat in the diet is broken down, or they can be made in the body from carbohydrates or other energy sources. The recommended level is under 150 mg/deciliter. 2b. A blood pressure reading consists of two numbers: the systolic (top) and diastolic (bottom) number. The top number is a measurement of the force of blood against the walls of the arteries when your heart beats. The diastolic reading indicates the strength of the blood against the walls of the arteries when your heart is between beats. A healthy blood pressure in an adult aged 20 or over is less than 120/80. 3. Peripheral artery disease results from diabetic damage to the arteries. When the arteries are unable to conduct blood to the nervous system, nerves are unable to conduct sensations to your brain. When this happens, your feet (and to a lesser extent your hands) can become numb. Injuries can go unnoticed. Untreated injuries often result in infection. A healthful diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole wheat, along with a healthy exercise program, can bring blood sugar, blood fats, and blood pressure down to a normal level. Comprehensive healthy eating plans and exercise programs are provided through your doctor or hospital clinic. Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.