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Gestational diabetes is much like Type 2 diabetes, but is diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy and is usually resolved, at least temporarily, after birth. Gestational diabetes also links to the babies who eventually become overweight or obese and puts them at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. In March 2016, the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology reported on an Israeli study on neuropsychiatric problems in children brought on by their mother having Gestational diabetes or diabetes diagnosed during their pregnancy. Scientists at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and various other research institutions in Be'er Sheva, Israel, found children from mothers diagnosed with two types of Gestational diabetes were 36 percent and 86 percent more likely to develop neuropsychiatric problems than were children from women who experienced a healthy pregnancy. They were more than four times as likely to develop autism spectrum disorder. Autism is a lifelong developmental condition affecting the way an individual relates to their environment and the way they interact with people. Spectrum is the word used to describe the broad range of difficulties people on the autism spectrum may experience. The two types of Gestational diabetes are called A1 and A2... pregnant women with the A1 type are able to keep their blood sugar levels normal with diet alone. the A2 type can be controlled with diet as well as oral medications or insulin. Gestational diabetes develops because hormones released by the placenta raise the mother's blood sugar levels. Human placental hormone is much like the growth hormone, so it helps the baby to grow. It further aids growth by changing how the mother's body handles carbohydrates and lipids and by making her cells less sensitive to insulin. This makes more sugar travel from the mother's blood through the placenta and onto the baby. Human placental growth hormone works much like human placental hormone, raising the mother's blood sugar levels, so the fetus receives sufficient sugar from the mother's blood. For reasons not yet fully understood, the mother's blood sugar can rise to a very high level, and a condition known as Gestational diabetes develops. It is not known why some women develop Gestational diabetes while others do not, but we do have a list of things that put some women at high risk... age: over 25, race: Black, Hispanic, American Indian, or Asian, obesity: body mass index (BMI) of 30 or over, history: having had Gestational diabetes or a baby over 9 pounds, pre-diabetes, close family members with Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, an unexplained stillbirth or miscarriage, too much water (amniotic fluid) surrounding the baby. To avoid developing diabetes during their wished for pregnancy, women are advised to have pre-pregnancy visits with their obstetrician. Some subjects to discuss include... pre-pregnancy weight, blood pressure, diet, exercise, blood sugar levels. Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets. Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9377069

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